The Importance of Arch Support

The Importance of Arch Support

As the foundation of your entire musculoskeletal structure, your feet carry a lot of weight and a lot of responsibility. So, if your feet aren’t positioned correctly and can’t carry the load properly, every joint, muscle, and ligament in your ankles, knees, hips, and back feel the effects.

Proper arch support is critical to whole-body health, and if you weren’t born with perfect arches, you may need a little extra support. 

And that’s where we come in. At Ortho Engineering, Inc., we specialize in custom-designing orthotics you can slip into your shoes to correct or support your arches and help you avoid the domino-effect of problems all the way up your body. Here’s what you need to know about your arches.

The role of your arches

You may think of your arch as the curve in the sole of your foot, but that’s only partially correct. Your foot actually has three arches: two that span longitudinally and one that’s transverse. Together, these arches perform important functions.

Weight bearing

The arches in your feet distribute your weight evenly when you stand. Your lateral longitudinal arch is the main structure that transmits weight. It’s also the one that makes contact with the ground under a heavy load.


When you jump, you can thank your arches. The shape and tension in your arch give you a spring in your step that enables you to move forward when you walk, and a propulsion effect when you jump.

Shock absorption

What goes up must come down, so after you jump, your arches absorb the shock when your feet return to the ground.

Types of arches

Everyone’s arches are a little different depending on genetics. As babies, we’re all born with flat feet and no arch whatsoever. But as we grow, the arch develops and takes on a distinct height and shape.

Normal arches

If your foot develops a normal arch, it provides adequate support for your weight and functions well when you stand, walk, and jump.

High arches

A high arch is a severely pronounced curve that lifts your foot too high off the ground. You can tell if you have high arches by standing on a piece of paper with wet feet. If the impression left behind only shows the balls and heels of your feet with a blank area in between, you have high arches.

High arches can be problematic, because they may lead to complications, such as:

Having high arches alters the way you walk and stand, so you may need orthotics or special shoes to counteract the problem.

Low arches

Low or nonexistent arches (flat feet) allow your foot to pronate, or collapse inward and toward the ground. This affects your gait and your posture, leading to complications such as:

If your arches are too low, your toes have to take on the responsibility of propelling you forward when you walk and run, and the rest of your body takes on extra chores to compensate for your fallen arches.

How orthotics give proper arch support

With our custom orthotic shoe inserts, you can give your feet the support they need to carry your weight and keep you moving without pain. 

Once your doctor takes an impression or 3D digital image of your feet, send it or bring it to any of our nine Southern California locations. We design and manufacture orthotic inserts that hug your feet’s unique contours and slide inconspicuously into your shoes so you can walk, run, and jump with ease. 

Our custom orthotics:

We also make custom orthotics for children and military personnel. To get started, call the Ortho Engineering, Inc. location nearest you in Chino, Lynwood, Torrance, Van Nuys, West Covina, Whittier, or Los Angeles today. 

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